G-77 ready for real negotiations on Kyoto Protocol in Bonn
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Source: Group of 77
G-77 ready for real negotiations on Kyoto Protocol in Bonn;
U.S. unilateralism criticized
Chairman says the 10-year multilateral process should continue towards final success
UNITED NATIONS (10 July 2001) - With the climate change negotiations to resume in Bonn, Germany, in less than a week, the Chairman of the Group of 77 (G-77) emphasized the readiness of the developing world to engage in real, substantive negotiations with all other partners. Ambassador Bagher Asadi (Islamic Republic of Iran), Chairman of the Group, reiterated today that the developing countries go to Bonn well prepared to engage in a two-week long intensive parley expected to finish the work left unfinished in the Hague last November.
The G-77 Chairman considered a recent two-day informal consultations in the Hague under Minister Jan Pronk of the Netherlands as a very useful exercise, serving to further elucidate and clarify the respective positions of all the negotiating partners, including the developing countries, on Minister Pronk's updated text. Despite what appears to be quite rather wide divergences between the developing and the developed world on the implementation of various provisions of the Protocol, Ambassador Asadi expressed a "realistic, objective optimism" that despite the current state of uncertainty and confusion requisite political will and a sense of urgency and needed flexibility could make the Bonn meeting a success.
Reflecting on the recent US policy on taking distance from the Kyoto Protocol, the Chairman of the G-77 reiterated the Group's already stated position on the validity of the Protocol as an international legal instrument and also that unilateral withdrawal from multilateral processes was simply unacceptable. He emphasized that the United States, the biggest emitter of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs), should act responsibly towards its international and multilateral commitments. Chiding American policy pronouncements in this regard over the past few months, ambassador Asadi expressed concern as to the negative repercussions of such unilateral approaches for other multilateral processes. He found it rather ironic that the new Republican Administration's policy towards the 1997 Protocol is tantamount to the rejection of some of the mechanisms and provisions inspired and promoted by American negotiators in the process. He called on the world public opinion, including the American's, to keep their pressure on the Administration not to shrink fulfilling its responsibility with regard to global environmental deterioration.
The G-77 Chairman also emphasized that their readiness for substantive negotiations with the developed partners depended on genuine, substantial progress on the Group's areas of priority, particularly financial mechanisms, technology transfer, adaptation, capacity-building and Articles 4.8, 4.9 and 3.14, short of which no progress should be envisaged.
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