GIS Mapping, Education and Research
Home   Store   Free GIS   Education   Free Shapefiles   Census   Weather   Energy   Climate Change   News   Maps   TOPO   Aerial   GPS   Learn GIS

DOWNLOAD SHAPEFILES: Canada FSA Postal - Zip Code - U.S. Waterbodies & Wetlands - Geographic Names - School Districts - Indian Federal Lands
Zip Code/Demographics - Climate Change - U.S. Streams, Rivers & Waterways - Tornadoes - Nuclear Facilities - Dams & Risk - 2013 Toxic Release Inventory TRI

ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; What is at stake; removed USFWS website; photos, maps, descriptions

tools for survival plans Maps Food Water Health Gardening Energy Housing Security Communications Livelihood

Money Making Tips Work from Home Make Money Used Lumber & Building Materal Beginner's Guide Buy/Sell Gold Electronics & Computer

GIS Shapefile Store - for Beginners & Experienced GIS Users Alike. Geographic Names Information System, Nuclear Facilities, Zip Code Boundaries, School Districts, Indian & Federal Lands, Climate Change, Tornadoes, Dams - Create digital GIS maps in minutes.

Toxic Release Inventory TRI Shapefiles

Canada FSA Postal Code Shapefile

GNIS Shapefiles 2,000,000+ Points

Nuclear Energy Facilities in the U.S.

Download Zip Code with Demographics Shapefiles

Download U.S. Streams & Rivers Shapefiles

Download Water Body & Wetland Shapefiles

Download Zip Code Boundary Shapefiles

Download School District Shapefiles

Download Indian & Federal Land Shapefiles

Download Climate Change Shapefiles

Download Tornado Shapefiles

Download Dams & Risks Shapefiles

Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter

Didn't find what you are looking for? Email me and I'll find it for you.

Progressive Links

Federation of American Scientists

Physicians for Social Responsibility

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility

Union of Concerned Scientists


Reader Supported News

Common Dreams


Huffington Post

Media Matters

Think Progress

Grist Environmental News

Climate Shift Blog

MapCruzin Consulting
Data Research and GIS Specialists.

GIS Tutorials

GIS Basics

GIS Terminology

Of Interest

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Maps

Climate Shift - The effects of climate shift on the future of planet earth and its inhabitants.

Right to Know or Left to Wonder?

Hazardscapes - Toxic and Nuclear Risks in your backyard.

War & Environment

Worst Case Scenarios: Terrorism & industrial chemicals.

First North American Dies from Mad Cow Disease
Fair Use Statement


<-- Return To Right-to-Know or Left-to-Wonder?

Source: ENS.

First North American Dies from Mad Cow Disease

SASKATOON, Saskatchewan, August 8, 2002 (ENS) - A confirmed case of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) in Saskatchewan, the first in North America, does not present a threat to the general public or the Canadian food supply, provincial health officials hastened to assure the public.

Final confirmation was received this week that a Saskatchewan resident who died early this summer, had vCJD, a rare and incurable neurological disease.

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has been linked to the consumption of beef products from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), also known as mad cow disease. Evidence to date indicates that there has never been a case transmitted from person to person.


Laboratory tests were performed in Canada and the United Kingdom. Dr. Ross Findlater, Saskatchewan chief medical health officer, said the disease was likely acquired in the United Kingdom, where the deceased lived and visited during the 1980s and 1990s.

Dr. Steven Whitehead, deputy medical health officer of the Regional Health Authority for the Saskatoon area, said that, for privacy reasons, the identity of the deceased will not be disclosed. Family members have indicated they do not wish to be contacted by members of the media.

Of the 125 vCJD deaths worldwide, almost all had multiple year exposures in the United Kingdom between 1980 and 1996 during the occurrence of a large UK outbreak of BSE among cattle. The current risk of being exposed to BSE as a traveler in Europe is extremely small, say health officials in Canada and the United States.

Findlater said Canada has been free of BSE except for a single case in 1993 in a cow imported from the United Kingdom, which was destroyed.

"It is highly unlikely that the case originated in Canada and just as unlikely that it was passed on to anyone in Canada," said Findlater.

"Based on our current knowledge of this case, there is no reason to believe it is connected to Canadian livestock or the Canadian food supply," he said.

Findlater noted that the first case in the United States, announced in April 2002, similarly involved an individual who died in that country after acquiring vCJD in the United Kingdom.

Dr. Whitehead said there are no known cases of vCJD being transmitted from person to person.


While there is a theoretical risk of transferring vCJD through the blood system, the deceased was not a blood donor.

Whitehead said there is a theoretical risk that the disease could be spread by medical equipment even after it has been thoroughly disinfected. So out of an abundance of caution, the Saskatoon Regional Health Authority is contacting 71 people who may have been exposed to the same piece of equipment as the deceased while at the hospital.

"The chances of vCJD being spread by a piece of medical equipment is extremely minute," said Whitehead. "However, as long as there is even a theoretical risk, we believe we have an ethical obligation to inform the patients as they have a right to know. Many of these patients have already been contacted and we expect to reach the others in the next few days."

Whitehead said a final diagnosis of vCJD can only take place after death, by performing laboratory tests on brain tissue. He said initial testing was performed at the University of Toronto and final diagnosis was provided earlier this week by leading vCJD experts in the United Kingdom.

Until this year, North American had been free of vCJD. But in April, the Florida Department of Health and the Centers for Disease Control began investigating a likely case of vCJD in a 22 year old citizen of the United Kingdom living in Florida. If confirmed, this would be the first case of vCJD reported in a U.S.resident. But confirmation of a vCJD diagnosis can only be obtained through study of brain tissue obtained by a brain biopsy or at autopsy.

A second type of CJD, known as classical Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), occurs naturally in the population at a rate of one person in a million per year. Classical CJD is not linked to the consumption of beef products.

A similar contagious fatal neurological disease in deer and elk, known as chronic wasting disease, was the subject of a two day symposium that drew 450 wildlife experts from the United States and Canada to Denver, Colorado Tuesday and Wednesday.

Chronic wasting disease is classified as a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE), and is similar to mad cow disease in cattle and scrapie in sheep.

Once found only near Fort Collins, Colorado, outbreaks of chronic wasting disease have been found in the past two years in Colorado and Nebraska, as well as in wild deer in New Mexico, South Dakota, Wisconsin and Saskatchewan. The disease has been diagnosed in commercial game farms in Colorado, Nebraska, South Dakota, Montana, Oklahoma, Kansas, Saskatchewan and Alberta.

Infectious agents of all TSEs are neither bacteria nor viruses, but are thought to be prions - infectious proteins without associated nucleic acids.

Although chronic wasting disease is a contagious and fatal among deer and elk, research suggests that humans, cattle and other domestic livestock are resistant to natural transmission. Researchers do not know how the disease spreads among animals in either the wild or in captivity, nor do they understand how to control it.

While the possibility of human infection remains a concern, there have been no verified cases of humans contracting chronic wasting disease.

Scientists at the symposium did not report any cases of chronic wasting disease transmission to humans or to cattle.

Elizabeth Williams, professor of veterinary science at the University of Wyoming and an expert in chronic wasting disease, told symposium delegates that no evidence of transmission to cattle has been reported.

But medical experts in Wisconsin suspect that chronic wasting disease may have been transmitted to humans. Scientists are investigating the deaths of three friends who ate elk and deer meat at wild game feasts hosted by one of them near Superior, Wisconsin in the 1980s and '90s. All three died in the 1990s.

Scientists from the Wisconsin Division of Health and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) are reviewing autopsy results of the three men, two of whom died of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, their families told reporters. The other died of a more common brain disease.

Four or five cases of CJD are diagnosed in Wisconsin each year. But state health officials are concerned about the connection between these deaths and the wild game the three men consumed.

CDC researcher Dr. Ermias Belay told symposium delegates that "there is no strong evidence between chronic wasting disease and Creutzfeld-Jakob's disease."

Belay advised continued surveillance to monitor the possible transmission of chronic wasting disease to humans.

For more information about Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the UK log on to:

Learn more about chronic wasting disease from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service at:

Copyright Environment News Service (ENS) 2002. All Rights Reserved.

2001 The Washington Post Company

<-- Return To Right-to-Know or Left-to-Wonder?

Didn't find what you are looking for? We've been online since 1996 and have created 1000's of pages. Search below and you may find just what you are looking for.

Michael R. Meuser
Data Research & GIS Specialist is an independent firm specializing in GIS project development and data research. We created the first U.S. based interactive toxic chemical facility maps on the internet in 1996 and we have been online ever since. Learn more about us and our services.

Have a project in mind? If you have data, GIS project or custom shapefile needs contact Mike.

Contact Us

Report Broken Links

Subscribe for Updates

Follow on Facebook
News & Updates

Find: Maps, Shapefiles, GIS Software & More

MapCruzin Blog for updates, questions and answers
Blog Updates

More Blog Updates


Google Earth Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Maps
Lester Brown's Plan B 3.0
State GIS Shapefiles, Maps & Resources
GIS Shapefiles & Maps
GIS Programs, Tools & Resources
Free World Country & Regional Maps
GIS / GPS Careers and Job Positions
Disease Outbreak Maps
Extreme Weather & Disaster Maps
Free World Maps from the CIA Factbook
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ANWR Maps
Oil and Gas Maps
Africanized Honey Bees
Renewable Energy Potential Maps of the United States
Terrorism Maps
War Maps
Google Maps
Weather Maps
GPS Resources
Historical Maps of the World
Google Earth
Library of Congress American Memory Map Downloads
Toxic Chemical Pollution Maps
Climate Change Maps
Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) Maps
Census Shapefiles
World Maps


Environmental Justice
Data Sources
Greenwash & JunkScience
Statistical Resources
Wireless Dangers
Surviving Climate Change
Global Right-To-Know
Creating Living Economies
Books of Note
Toxic Klamath River
Federal Lands Maps
TRI Analysis
TRI Webmaps
EnviroRisk Map Network
Community-Based Research
Right-To-Know or Left to Wonder?
Chemical Industry Archives
21st Century Warfare
National Parks and Public Lands
Trade Secrets/Toxic Deception
GIS Books
Our Projects
Other Projects
1999 Archive Environews
Environmental Books
Environmental Links
Redwood Coast Information
Recycle, Salvage, Reuse

Shapefile Store
Free GIS Software
Free Map Downloads
Free Shapefiles
Free Remote Sensing
Free Topo Maps
Free GIS Tutorial
Free GPS

About MapCruzin - Cookies, Privacy, Fair Use and Disclaimer - Advertise on

Copyright © 1996 - 2019 Michael Meuser, All Rights Reserved
MapCruzin is a Pop-Up Free Website -- Best Viewed With ANY Browser